Chest Wall Injury Scale

Anwendung

Verletzung der Thoraxwand
Anmerkung
Diese Verletzung bezieht sich ausschliesslich auf Verletzungen der Thoraxwand, nicht auf intrathorakale Verletzungen

 Injury Type
Description of Injury

  I
laceration

skin and subcutaneous

 
fracture

< 3 ribs closed; nondisplaced clavicles closed

   
II

laceration
skin subcutaneous tissue muscle
 
fracture

>= 3 adjacent ribs closed; open or displaced clavicle; nondisplaced sternum closed; scapular body open or closed
   
III

laceration

full thickness including pleural penetration

 
fracture

open or displaced sternum; flail sternum

 
fracture
unilateral flail segment (< 3 ribs)
   
IV

laceration

avulsion of chest wall tissue with underlying rib fractures

 
fracture
unilateral flail chest (>= 3 ribs)
   
V

fracture

bilateral flail chest (>= 3 ribs on both sides)

   
   
 
Wenn bilaterale Verletzungen vorliegen, ist der Verletzungsgrad um 1 zu erhöhen bis Grad 3.